CSRDA Discussion Paper Series

No. 45 Differences in Material Deprivation by Disability Certificates: A Focus on Physical and Mental Health
Yurie Momose
Yurie MomoseUniversity of Tokyo
Material deprivationHealthGray areaDisabledPropensity score
Goal 1: No PovertyGoal 3: Good Health and Well-BeingGoal 17: Partnerships for the Goals
the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (IPSS), the “Survey on Social Security and People's Life.” in 2017

These studies examined the relationship between disability ID and health and the effect of those on material deprivation. Specifically, the study compared whether there are differences between no disability ID and disability ID, taking into account personal attributes, social security receipt status, and mental and physical health conditions. The analysis was not limited to a simple comparison of differences based on the presence or absence of a disability ID but also compared the gray area (no disability ID with health problems) or those not holding a disability ID who have physical or mental disabilities. The propensity score analysis showed that the differences in this study based on whether or not a person held a disability ID were explained by personal attributes, social security receipt status, and physical and mental problems. A comparison of the gray area and mild-middle disability ID with health problems did not reveal a higher risk of material deprivation for either one. Furthermore, in the absence of physical or mental problems, the average material deprivation score was lower for the holders of disability ID cards, including those with severe disabilities, than for the non-holders of a disability ID with physical or mental problems. Health problems may increase the risk of material deprivation.